Citrine is a form of quartz that varies in color from yellow to brownish orange. The term “citrine” is derived from the citrus fruit because of its lemony yellow shades. This pale yellow shade bares close resemblance to topaz.
Traces of iron particles are responsible for the yellow hues in citrine. Unfortunately, this occurs very rarely in nature. Most of the citrine you see in the market is manufactured via heat treatments using other quartz varieties such as smoky quartz and purple amethyst.
The largest source of citrine is Brazil. Other large deposits of citrine are found in Bolivia, Spain, Russia, France, United States and Madagascar. The source location of the citrine will determine its hue.
Citrine measures 7 on the scale of hardness. It is relatively durable, making it perfect for everyday wear. This gemstone is also called a “healing stone” because it has the ability to soothe, calm and comfort the wearer. It also helps relieve negative feelings and spark the imagination.
The term “topaz” is derived from ancient Greek for “topazios” which is the name of St. John’s Island, located in the Red Sea. Although topaz is often associated with the color yellow, it is actually colorless. It takes on color when it mixes with impurities. The most prized opal color is vibrant orange with a pinkish undertone.
Precious topaz ranges in color from vibrant orange to yellow, sometimes also called citrine quartz or smoky quartz. The most prized topaz is the Imperial topaz. Brazil is the largest source of quality topaz. Other equally good sources are India, Pakistan, Russia, Sri Lanka, Germany, Nigeria, Mexico and the United States.
Topaz is considered a tough stone, measuring 8 on the scale of hardness; making it excellent as wearable jewelry. Topaz shares many healing properties. It is thought that wearing this soothing stone calms angry temperaments, eliminates nightmares and cures madness.